In the first activity for Step 2, your planning team selected the hazards you feel are most important to focus on using the Hazard Risk Assessment
(HRA) tool. In Activity 2 you will identify and collect whatever information about your community that you will need in order to fully complete the Rural Resilience Index
(RRI) and the Hazard Resilience Index
Some items in the RRI may be easy for your team to answer, and others will require expert knowledge. For example, people involved in the fire department, first response or search and rescue may have knowledge about disaster and emergency plans and equipment in the community. Local and regional government representatives may provide important information, such as the communitya��s demographics, and land use and economic plans. Others may know what hazards pose risks for the community, and how prepared the community is to face them.
It is also true however, that as you collect information it is likely youa��ll come across some surprises. Others in your community may know about a�?hiddena�? strengths, such as a ranchera��s equipment, a newcomera��s skills, or the knowledge a local business might offer. Remember that the more community members you involve in the process, the more you build awareness of disaster preparedness and resilience. The more you build awareness the more resilient your community becomes.
Once you have a good handle on the information you will need to decide on what method or methods you will use to gather it. Some of these are quick and easy, others are more time consuming, but are likely to gain richer, more accurate information.
Click Here for Methods
- Consult Subject Matter Experts
Some members of your community, such as the fire chief, local governance representatives, (such as the Mayor and Council or Regional District Representatives), first responders, or those responsible for emergency management will have specific information for the Disaster Management section and parts of the Community Resources section of the CRI.
- Conduct Interviews and/or Focus Groups
One-on-one interviews or small group interviews (focus groups) are a good way to get community membersa�� opinions about the community and its resilience.
- Hold Community Meetings
In some communities, attendance at Town Hall meetings is high, not so in others. Community meetings are a way to reach a number of people at once, and the discussion is especially valuable in getting a deeper and shared view of resilience factors.
- Distribute Surveys
A short survey with specific questions is an inexpensive method of getting community input on resilience factors. These can be distributed at high-traffic areas such as the post office or library, along with a collection box at the distribution site. They can also be used like questionnaires to guide the interviews and focus groups.
Sometimes called a a�?transect walka�?, this method is to travel through the community to visually inventory resources, assets, vulnerabilities and other important community features including where key buildings are, where rivers and other natural features are that may present risks, where groups of potentially a�?at riska�� people might live or gather (such as a care facility, school).
- Create a Photo Voice/Collage
Take photographs of community features such as key infrastructure (fire hall, community hall, school, bridges, communication towers, etc.), areas of vulnerability (flood plain or landslide areas, public facilities in disrepair, etc.) and other interesting features that you feel help a�?definea�? your community. Create a collage of these photographs in a high-visibility location such as the community hall. (Note: you can combine this with your map from Step 1.)
- Research Documents
Some information might be available from Stats Canada, the regional authority (e.g., Regional District, County), your towna��s local government office (if you have one) or the local library or historic archives.
For more information about the various ways of gathering information in your community, click on the resource links on the top right side of this page.